Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) are climate action plans that countries submit to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change under the Paris Agreement adopted in 2015. This requires countries to submit their NDCs every five years. The NDCs must be ambitious, transparent, and fair, and they must reflect each country’s national circumstances and capabilities.


In response to these requirements, the World Resources Institute (WRI) has developed a tracker to monitor the information countries communicate about climate finance requirements through their NDCs. This Adaptation Finance article for WRI – Technical Perspective outlines what NDCs say about a country’s finance requirements to date, with four key findings on adaptation, mitigation, and loss damage. The key takeaway is that despite the increased reporting, data reporting has a distinctive lack of consistency.


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