The Joint Research Centre of the European Commission has co-developed new research on flood risk reduction measures in Europe.

Published in Nature Climate Change, the study estimates that river flooding currently causes annual damage of about €7.6 billion and exposes around 160 000 people/year to inundation across the EU and the UK.

In a 3°C global warming scenario, and without climate change adaptation, flood damage in Europe could rise to €44 billion per year, exposing nearly half a million Europeans every year until the end of the century.

Using scientific risk modelling and cost–benefit analysis. This paper appraises the potential of four key cost-effective adaptation strategies to reduce flood risk across Europe.


Cost-effective adaptation strategies to rising river flood risk in Europe | Nature Climate Change

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